This month the US Sentencing Commission invited public comment on American antitrust offences and sentencing guidelines. The review forms part of a general consultation process aimed at reviewing sentencing issues.
The consultation, due to end on 1 May 2015, has highlighted the study of antitrust offences as one of its priority areas. It will include an examination of the corporate fine provisions contained in §2R1.1 of the antitrust sentencing guidelines, which covers bid-rigging, price-fixing and market allocation agreements among competitors.
The maximum sentence for cartel offences is currently 10 years. The length of prison sentences for antitrust offences in the US have increased significantly in recent years. In 1990 – 1999 the average prison sentence stood at 8 months, but by the period 2010 – 2013 this had increased to an average of 25 months.
The Commission will consider whether amendments to the guidelines are appropriate in light of the review and the responses it receives from the public.