Cartel conduct is criminalised by Law No. 8,137 of 27 December 1990.

The offence

It is a criminal offence for an individual to act in any way intended to or otherwise able (whether or not the effects are achieved) to:

  • limit, restrain or in any way injure open competition or free enterprise;
  • control a relevant market or a certain product or service;
  • increase profits on a discretionary basis; or
  • abuse one’s market control.

This includes market allocation, price fixing, bid rigging and output limitation.



Between two and five years’ imprisonment. In certain specific circumstances this can substituted with a fine.


Cartel conduct is not criminalised.

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